Affirmative action is a policy or practice set forth by an employer that aims to counter the effects of past and present discrimination in the employment context.
Many employers acknowledge that there are specific groups of employees and applicants whose opportunities have been limited due to past or current discrimination. Some groups may have experienced discriminatory denial of prior educational or professional opportunities, leading to the possession of fewer qualifications. Many types of minorities may also encounter conscious or unconscious biases on the part of supervisors and educators that may cause their work to be assessed less favorably. Affirmative action programs are designed to offset the impact of discrimination that may adversely affect employment prospects. Specific implementation may vary based on the type of discrimination being addressed.
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