Disparate impact is the result that occurs when a company creates a rule that every employee must follow, but that rule has a negative impact on minorities or women. Rules that cause a disparate impact to an entire group of employees are in direct violation of Equal Employment Opportunity law.
Equal Employment Opportunity law requires a company to give equal consideration to all qualified applicants and employees, regardless of their gender, ethnicity, religious views, marital status, or disability. In a few states, it is also a violation of the law to discriminate based on a person’s sexual orientation.
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