Equal employment opportunity (EEO) Equal employment opportunity, or EEO, is a right every job applicant has throughout a hiring process. It refers to the protection job candidates have against discrimination on the basis of their race, religion, sex or national origin, among other qualified characteristics. Employers may not judge or decide a person’s suitability for a job on any of these bases. Federal, state and local entities, employment agencies and most private companies must abide by these standards. EEO further covers current employees against discrimination for promotions, pay, benefits or discharge. The United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission oversees compliance and responds to violations that are discovered.
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