The Equal Pay Act of 1963 guarantees that male and female employees that are performing essentially identical jobs cannot be compensated different amount because of their genders. To be considered identical jobs, they must require the same level of skill, responsibilities, effort, working conditions, and take place in the same location. Differences in pay are acceptable if they are due to differences in seniority, production-based qualifiers, or any other aspect other than gender. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 is an amendment to the U.S. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. Organizations that violate this act are vulnerable to penalization.
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